Resulting from the merger of Beaucanton, founded in 1935, and Val-Paradis, founded in 1942, Valcanton was legally constituted in 2001. It is located at the southwestern entrance to the Eeyou Istchee James Bay Territory, just north of the 49th parallel. These two villages were built at a time when settlers were arriving from all over Quebec in hope of a better life. Agriculture and forestry are the primary drivers of the local economy. Valcanton is also known for its many covered bridges.